Child Abuse and Maltreatment/Neglect: Identification and Reporting
New York State Mandatory Training

Talking with Children


Who Are the Mandated Reporters?

Abuse and Maltreatment/Neglect Have Many Presentations

The Disturbing Statistics

Legal Definitions Related to Child Maltreatment

Recognizing Child Abuse

Case Studies: Identifying Abuse

Risk Factors Contributing to Child Abuse and Maltreatment

Protective Factors for Child Abuse and Maltreatment

The Consequences of Child Abuse ing with Children

Reporting Child Abuse and Maltreatment

Reasonable Cause/When to Report

How to Report

What Happens After a Report is Made

The Abandoned Infant Protection Act




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Ken Hammond, USDA

In some cases, a child will disclose that he or she has been sexually abused. If a child discloses abuse, try to stay calm and, above all else, believe the child. Children rarely lie about sexual abuse. Here are some things you should do (PCA-NY, ND):

  • Allow the child to talk, but don’t press. Don’t ask the child to repeat the details
    over and over.
  • Praise the child for telling you.
  • Reassure the child that he or she is not to blame.
  • Show love and respect for the child.
  • Protect the child immediately from the suspected offender.

Whenever discussing potential abuse with a child, some basic considerations include the following:


  • Find a private place to talk.
  • Remain calm.
  • Be honest, open and up front with the child.
  • Use age-appropriate language.
  • Remain supportive to the child.
  • Listen to the child.
  • Stress that it is NOT the child's fault.
  • Report the situation immediately.


  • Overreact.
  • Make judgments
  • Make promises
  • Interrogate the child or try to investigate. This is especially important in sexual abuse cases.

Continue on to Reporting Child Abuse and Maltreatment